We’ve got 13 of the most common (and annoying) grammar mistakes you should never make in your writing. This list of matchups between similar-but-not-quite-the-same words includes some guaranteed pain points. Take a look at the list and then give your book an edit to make sure you haven’t made any of these slip-ups!
Affect vs Effect
Are you one of those people who
Insure vs Ensure
This one’s pretty simple. If you’re talking about insurance – as in limiting financial liability – use insure. Both start with an “i.” Ensure, when you’re guaranteeing something, is always with an “e.”
Then vs Than
Use then when something follows another thing: “I’ll learn these great grammar tips, and then I’ll proofread my books.” Than is used in comparisons: “Since I fixed all of my grammar mistakes, my book is selling better than it was before!”
I.e. vs E.g.
You might think these are interchangeable when you’re using an example, but there’s a very subtle difference between the two. I.e. mean “that is” or “in other words,” from the Latin “id est,” and you use it when you’re clarifying something. E.g., from the Latin “
Fewer vs Less
As a rule of thumb, you use fewer when you can count the subject in question individually and less when you can’t. So I can have fewer cups of water than you, but your cups might have less water in them than mine do. And yes, that means your grocery store sign is probably incorrect.
To vs Too (vs Two)
Last but not least, one that you probably know but can slip your mind when you’re writing. Most of the time you’ll use to when you’re talking about a verb or going toward a place, e.g. “I’m going to write” or “I went to the mall,” but when you mean to say “as well” or “also,” or something in excess, use too – “Sally went going to the mall, too, and she ate too much.” And just in case, two is always the number 2. Seems obvious, but you can never be too careful!
Your vs You’re
Your is possessive – as in, “That’s your dog.” You’re is a contraction of “you are.” Contractions are a common grammar mistake and your spellchecker may miss them, so be wary.
Its vs It’s
Along the same lines, its is possessive, and it’s is a contraction of “it is” (or “it has”). Again, this is one grammar mistake that may slip through a spell checker.
Who’s vs Whose
Whose is possessive. Who’s is a contraction of “who is” or “who has.” Are you sensing a trend?
Their vs They’re vs There
Ready to throw in a third option?
Lose vs Loose
This is best with a few examples. You can lose your dog if he gets loose from his leash. Your clothes will be loose if you lose a lot of weight. If you have loose change in your pocket, you might lose it. If all else fails, read your sentence aloud; if the word sounds like it ends with a ‘z’ then
Compliment vs Complement
The only difference is an ‘i’ and an ‘e’. So what’s the real difference? Compliment – with an ‘i’ – means you’re saying something nice to someone. Or, as an easy way to remember, “I am saying something nice to someone.” If you
Farther vs Further
Farther refers to a physical distance – long distances are always far. “His house is farther away than mine.” Further is more figurative and means an extent of time or degree, as in “Tom wanted to talk further about the plan.” Farther and further are more readily accepted as being interchangeable than other examples in this list.
That’s it – for now! The English language is a wonderful, complex thing and even the best writers get tripped up from time to time. If you’ve got a favorite tip or a “this word or that one?” that seems to always get the best of you, share them in the comments!
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Colin L writes for the Lulu Blog